Review and Forecast of Energetic Electron Fluence
Review and Forecast of Energetic Electron Fluence (Graphic)
The plot shows forecasts (indicated by squares with error bars) of fluence (flux accumulation over 24 hours) of highly energetic (relativistic) electrons with energies > 2 MeV at an altitude of 6.6 Earth radii in geosynchronous orbit. Observed values of fluence (indicated by circles) from GOES satellite, courtesy of NOAA/Space Weather Prediction Center, Boulder, USA, are also shown on the plot. The error bar represents the standard deviation. Current conditions (indicated by diamond on the plot) refer to fluence that is calculated from the latest 24 hours of GOES satellite electron flux data, courtesy of NOAA/Space Weather Prediction Center, Boulder, USA. The dashed line demarcating "Normal" and "Moderate" at 5.0E+07 electrons/cm2-sr-day is a threshold for adverse space weather conditions hazardous to geosynchronous satellites. When fluence is above the threshold, there is a likelihood of internal charging of satellite components by energetic electrons, with possible electric discharges that could result in malfunction or even complete failure of the satellite. The fluence forecast is based on the algorithm of Lam [2002; 2004], and the threshold value is from Wrenn and Smith .
Review and Forecast of Energetic Electron Fluence (Text)
Note that the fluence values greater than the threshold value of 5.0E+07 electrons/cm2-sr-day are considered to indicate adverse space weather conditions hazardous to geosynchronous satellites.